According to UNESCO, effective sexuality education should take a comprehensive approach: a curriculum-based process of teaching and learning about the cognitive, emotional, physical, and social aspects of sexuality. Sexuality education programs can address a wide range of topics, including sexual and reproductive health (such as sexually transmitted diseases and youth pregnancy), relationships, sexual orientation, and gender roles. International bodies, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and other United Nations (UN) agencies, have set various objectives and standards for sexuality education, which EU Member States, among others, are expected to meet.

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