Gender Roles

The cultural or social expectations of how people should act, think, and/or feel based on the gender they are perceived to be. 

The term is closely related to the term “Gender Performativity,” which was first introduced by Judith Butler in their book “Gender Troubles (1990)”.

The term was introduced in linguistics in Studies Gender Studies by Judith Butler. Rethinking the relationship between anatomical and social sex (sex & gender), Butler argues that anatomical and social sex are but performances which acquire power and authority through the repeated acts of the subjects. Consequently, gender is not what we are but what we perform.

[Galanou, M. (2014). Identity and Gender Expression. Athens: Transgender Support Association]

(Based on the question: How do you expect to act according to your gender? Or is it expected that you behave in a certain way according to your gender?)