Transphobia / Trans-Misogyny

Transphobia refers to the full range of expressions of hostility, phobia, or expressions of discomfort, aversion, intolerance, or even hatred towards trans people because of their gender identity or expression.

The synonymous term is trans misogyny (when referring to trans women). The negative attitudes are expressed through cultural hate, individual and state violence, and discrimination directed toward trans women and transfeminine people.

(worth mentioning: TERF= Trans Exclusionary Radical Feminists = Feminists that exclude from their manifesto trans people’s rights to freedom and expressing their femininity)

It is needed to distinguish transphobia from homophobia and lesbophobia (the respective expressions against gays and lesbians), partly for political reasons of demonstrating the intolerance felt by trans people, but mainly because they are based on gender identity and gender expression and not on sexual orientation; but also because the discrimination suffered by trans people, as described by the Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe, occurs only among the trans people subgroup.